tv [untitled] September 5, 2011 4:31pm-5:01pm EDT
the thing that's most shocking to me is of all the samples we've taken whether they be at the surface ten meters thirty meters or down a hundred meters every single sample has had plastic in it from the samples we found in one thousand nine hundred nine there was a ratio of six to one plastic the plankton now in two thousand and eight we found the plastic plankton ratio forty six to one so that's over eight times as much plastic in the environment. we project all the things that we see coming through. the shark so shocking you are not. quite plastic the soup of the north is so regular there's the soup. scientists have shown that there is no untouched zone left on this planet every square mile of version contains tens of thousands of bits of plastic the result of our consumption two hundred twenty pounds
a year there in competent. we will not change the evolution of the society we are using less and less time to prepare the food for the luncheon for the dinner and as well there we. move and we have the habits to eat outside of the house so more and more we will use products which are much more decades and ready to be consumed for the drinks or for the food then we were used to use in the past in the first ten years of the current century since two thousand we produced as much plastic as we produced in this entire century that preceded way using at the moment in excess of two hundred sixty million tons of plastic every year worldwide now around about a third of that is used for single use items for items of packaging that are used
once and then discarded so it's a material that lasts for a very long time in the marine environment and yet we use it and throw it away within a year. all these oceans of plastic there because of our carelessness or is it because the system doesn't work properly. what happens to plastic when we throw it away. this is one of the biggest garbage tubes in the united states. but hell's landfill serves half a los angeles county about seventy eight cities and five point two million people landfill takes and has permit at about thirteen thousand two hundred tons per day what dab accounts for is if you take a football field from post to post fill it up with waste about ten feet higher little over three meters that's how much waste is accepted here a death. in the united states in europe the glees tough to plaster through a is simply better and. thousands of bottles and bags end up in this
type of tip every year. between them the two continents buried four to five million metric tons of plastic in two thousand and seven. in the face of this exponential consumption the infrastructures can't keep up. only five percent of the plastic used in the world is recycled and the west the main consumer does not even have the means to deal with. this is the port of chinari in india part of our recycled waste ends up here by the container full. hidden from european eyes all rubbish is treated behind these doors which are usually kept closed. you see containers that then unloaded and then the material is
in this yard in this yard as you can see that is a different different quality from different origin some material from germany some from france some from america some from the middle east it's this man as some who will let us in the future in just number one recycler of plastic bottles. is a broker he buys the continents of the recycling bins and resells it here where it can be treated by cheaper labor. like. so newsline of business is doing well. the export of used plastic has been increasing by thirty percent a year in two thousand and seven france sent seven hundred thousand metric tons of plastic and brown. you see the bales of from france if you see from the label you may be able to identify the bottle that maybe you have you'll think of
a lot of it but these have come here now and it will be the thing i called and made again into valuable bottles more products which would be you of the again. the plastic recycled my future comes from western countries quite legally the recyclers hope that by showing us how will take care of our rubbish delinquent just european consumers to send the. message to the european customers utopian whole homeowners are utopian man or woman it's very straight and simple who took our polyesters is hope to be associated in keeping the environment and please add wood for the humid belief i have a week i liked those bottles which you throw in the dustbin that got word there into
those products that you use every day maybe it is a shark it is a t. shirt audience that fact and check are it is the bottles which are used what blinky what audi drinks are any juice. three. so when we try to have zero waste if possible i try to have no plastic come into our homes and then end up in the garbage can so marcus and i am gone for radical solution for us the way we go to buy things at the grocery store like we buy bread . it sometimes comes up plastic bags you have to file you have to go to an actual bakery we are now making these out of old t. shirts so we've been collecting t.
shirts from schools and from going well when people are drawn away their shirts instead of using plastic bags and of course we never buy plastic water bottles anytime we want to get water we bring our own we fill up at a tap filtered water we bring these with us everywhere so that you get these habits you develop them and then you don't think about them you just remember grab my bad leg of the market. even organic waste doesn't go into plastic bags to get eaten it's show us the worms they're going to see underneath. carefully. and in the bottom look some shallots some garlic. so there's a recycling bin and we try to throw anything away if we buy something we try to make sure the packaging is recyclable the idea of waste is something completely
invented by humans so there should be no waste if you're recycling if you're conscious about the things you buy and you remember that everything you buy has to go somewhere. new plastic in the home eat whose new plastics in the tip or going abroad plus no plastic in the ocean. that's moccasin and it's a question of time. they're already off on another adventure pedaling two thousand miles between vancouver and t one to convince whoever they meet on the way. them plastic is a problem full stop and it needs to be eradicated at the source. the benefits which are brought by the use of the stigma to also grateful to society so
great for the consumers in terms of security for food in terms of life news for transport etc that would be stupid just to cancel those very strong benefits in order to just. correct something which is just at the end of the life of the product and be goes that is a wrong be a view of the people and of the society we hear that same line from the weapons manufacturers guns don't kill people keep people kill people we hear the same line from the plastics industry that plastics aren't the problem it's people that are the problem it's people littering but there's no way to educate every single person on the planet to add dispose of their plastics properly so the industry and the manufacturers have a responsibility to design a product that if people littering if a plastic bag blows out of a garbage truck it won't have the sort of impacts that we're seeing.
can we do without plastic. for the moment. but in europe a few minutes about it is a try at least in part. because two ton of law found it so faced with the problem of plastic pollution. it's beaches and the sea so ten years ago it made some changes. well there's bread there's vegetables a bit of everything. in the summer months there's a lot of stuff from their gardens and things like flowers grass from their lawns that sort of thing and he put whatever people happen to have a tome that's biodegradable or. for the moment these banks are one of the few alternatives to plastic. organic waste is collected every week in banks made of stopped. don't have to be salted the banks break down
not tree along with the food waste. is that getting on that void to become biodegradable bags are mixed with the organic waste so they break down completely within three or four weeks with us and perhaps all the potato and corn starch that they're made of it reacts like any other organic matter it plays on and it just like potato peelings for example and if i see. the resulting compost is used by the region's fungus so two million organic banks go back to the earth each year. and a bit more plastic has not ended up strewn around or in the sea. as we successfully sell to hawaii to get attention to the issue of plastic marine debris with water hundreds of school and college students attend marcus and his
lectures all along that trip from canada to mexico. now you might think ok this animal it eats plastic it goes in the mouth out of the round and that's it no big deal the problem is other end is small so this past is past the particles that stayed in our stomach for a long time the plastic is plastic particles they're not benign they don't just sit there and do nothing bile and marcus raises another question the industry adds millions of tons of chemicals to plastics what kind of effects do they have. these freshwater snails are sensitive to the slightest variations in their environment they serve a sentinel's one day the federal agency for the environment asked your goldman to
study the effects on this gastropod of a chemical substance whose effects are still unknown this pheno day. he was surprised but when to having. was a complete new phenomenon for us we had and lost thousands of these new people and never find something comparable before and so we repeated the experiment once twice and even a third time you'll discover that ten percent of the females presented significant sexual differ missions and that their egg production was four times normal. this uterus with the two glands is considerably larger in the female compared with a normal and this specific specimen. in addition exhibits this great rupture of the overbuilt you can imagine the power of the masses which have
caused this rocks it's really like. an eruption of of work a know. your grassed where is the a found. the answer is in our plastics this antioxidant is added to babies bottles bottles and and packaging but it also risky. i was really shocked because you have to imagine the test concentrations which can be found in every supposed order and it is hard to believe i confess that at these very low environmentally relevant concentrations such harmful effects like the killing of the kenyans is and the most. the scientists are really beginning to discover that the plastics in the oceans release chemical substances into the environment which have effects that are still
and know. how much escapes once the products are in the water. how do these pollutants accumulate in the food chain. the remain animals affected. and to what extent. we. know. that's what the crew of the world one of the fun and the been trying to find out by studying the mediterranean fin where the world's second largest whale. yellow got there so we got plenty of their own. to do of these animals are contaminated. the scientists needed to study fat samples.
for. your situation. the results of the biopsy and some clear just like polar bears and atlantic whale and saw the fin whales fat contains fire retardants which are additives to plastic. yes. my. no one yet knows what effect these products have on the species. and they call them all new lemay here we are in the middle of nowhere miles from any continent and we find substances and pollutants that have no business being here. q it if they were purchased hundreds of miles away and are being carried by the current market dog bothers me most is that we are contaminating the whole planet from the clothing the remotest and wildest place that's.
shocked by his own discomfort you wondered if the food wrapped in plastic that we eat every day were contaminated by certain substances. he puts more snails in bottles of water for forty eight weeks. those near us which were kept in the bottle us produced much more embryos compared to those nails in the glass bottles there are compounds in the plastic material in these p. t. bottles that leach into a culture medium all the snails we do not know which compounds we haven't identified yet but they are clearly estrogenic.
new wood all they must realize when we want to put a material or substance on the market it undergoes laboratory testing which enables us to show that it is harmless is all get the results are passed on to scientific and public organizations we will decide whether or not we're allowed to commercialize it to produce dorothy's or constantly checking all of the products that we sell to the people. this man who are affected by these chemical products. and over a couple who use plastic like everyone else have agreed to have blood tests.
showing us one is an epidemiologist for years she has been carrying out test some fertility in two thousand and five she started studying the effects of finds another chemical additive for plastics she selected women with a high level of science in their urine instead of the effect on their infant male children. no one had done this before. these ballots particularly the ones of most concern are called anti and richer as they lower testosterone they do it actually to adults as well and but it's more important what happens in the womb because the changes that occur in the lower than permanent for life and so because it's an empty and or janick lower testosterone at the critical time will alter the path of development of the male genitalia so normally it starts in
a feminine default if you will and then becomes masculinized under the influence of testosterone and that process is interfered with by certain sally it's when they get to a certain level. well it's a used in food packaging and toys for example to soften the plastic. but in rodents to feminize the species. the testicles disappear in the penis becomes shorter. the distance between the testicles and the anus which is normally double in males shrinks and becomes more like that of females. shanahan the idea and the courage to try taking the same missions with human babies and you got the same results. when levels of d h p the most considered the most toxic vallet were higher in the mothers here and then the boys were more likely to have testicles that were
not completely descended into this photo and tended to have a significantly smaller pierce. so i wouldn't even as an eco toxicologist and not a specialist for human toxicology i wouldn't expect negative impacts on so if. you're a waterfall completely bogus there's absolutely no danger but i'm not so convinced when we're talking about pregnant women very young children. because in these very sensitive phases of life cycle care should be taken to avoid any estrogen it can cause. plastic. plastics contain substances that can eventually migrate to only an infinitesimal quantities which are well below the norms. certain scientists use operating procedures that
are unjustified yuki's the post in these arose emotions which are then regrettably picked up by the media and creates an unfounded scare among the public at large the key food but after all this is a democracy so everyone has the right to express themselves it. is a case of scaremongering scientists all of this simply asking you questions. over here the results of the test for. the chemical component plastic by and large those two people are just like you or me it's like background noise but that black or noise however means that we all have they spend all day in our bodies now as you know this is a product that didn't exist before our grandparents didn't have any chemical products created by industry and now we're all impregnated with this new epidemiological study of this time has been carried out in front of everyone tested
the united states had not only be eighty but also found in the bone. in spite of the ocean pollute. the effect on animals in spite of the contamination of his man has not yet decided to do without plastic on the contrary production has been increasing by ten percent a year. in india plastics use is twenty times less than in europe and the united states that with a billion inhabitants it will soon be one of the planet's three biggest consumers. how can this country stop polluting its rivers and coasts with its plastics how can it go on absorbing all waste plastic indispensable ally of off everyday life. we thought it was an it substance over a century we have poured at least a hundred million tonnes of it into the oceans. but now
a boomerang effect is taking place. the situation is hopeless. it is getting worse at a near exponential rate and shows no sign of decreasing no one seems to be able to envision a future without plastic and no one seems to be willing to admit that change needed to get rid of the plastic pollution problem is drastic. incremental change small changes will not make a difference. marcus and i refuse to give up you are coming here today it's our. awareness i just i remember the go the keep up the struggle to change those in mentality east and finally put an end to plastic age.
prepared to march in support of a u.n. bid for independence claiming it's to prevent bloodshed. on the gas impasse ukraine backpedals over its threat of taking russia to court to force prices down moscow says it will stand its ground on the already signed. international news or comment live from moscow this is r.t. good to have you with us this hour more deaths being reported in syria where security forces have launched raids in the northwest protesters escaping across the border into turkey meanwhile russia is running members of the un security council to encourage the sides to stop violence and start negotiations the kremlin believes president assad has worked to.